Knee pain can be caused by an injury or disease process. Knee injuries can occur from a sudden contact or force, or can become damaged over time from overuse or repetitive loads. The ligaments of the knee do their best to avoid the knee from moving too much in a certain direction. When an overpressure in a certain direction occurs, it can stretch and tear the ligaments or cause tears in the meniscus.
A repetitive load on the knee, such as running and jumping can create "wear and tear" damage. Runner’s knee and jumper’s knee, as you can imagine, are common knee injuries in athletes that perform these activities for an extended period of time. Often, knee conditions are secondary to abnormal pressure stemming from an imbalance in the hips or having a shorter leg on one side.
The knee joint is the largest joint in the body that is composed of four main things: the bones, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons. It is considered a hinge joint because it can bend and straighten.
Specific knee conditions are diagnosed with first knowing the mechanism of injury whether it was something traumatic or pain over time. The location of the pain along and the presence of swelling and discoloration can help figure out what has happened. Popping or grinding sounds or sensations may also help to narrow down the condition. X-ray can help see if there is any degeneration of the bone. In more severe cases, an MRI is needed to access the severity of the damage to a tendon or the meniscus.
Trauma - A direct blow to the knee or a sudden twist can cause damage to ligaments, tendons, or the bone. The knee is vulnerable to force in all directions.
Overuse activities - Examples of overuse injuries can occur with kneeling, bending, lifting/carrying heavy loads, and being overweight.
Repetitive motions - The most common overuse injuries are usually sports related. The consistent bending and extending motions done in marathons and sports such as soccer or football create stress in the structures resulting in small tears and other damage.
Unbalanced pelvis - An unbalanced pelvis will occur due bad postures such as crossing the legs, sleeping with legs in awkward positions, falls to the low back, or anatomical/functional short legs.
Chiropractic care can help knee pain through many different treatments and therapies that can help mobilize, stabilize, reduce inflammation, and increase joint space. Excluding complete tears of the ligaments or tendons, chiropractic care offers a safe and non-invasive way to decrease pain and help to stabilize an injured knee joint. Treatments used here at CORE include:
Chiropractic Adjustments - Chiropractic adjustments to the knee will mobilize a stiff knee joint directly. Manipulations to an unbalanced pelvis will help to distribute your weight evenly. This unlevel weight distribution contributes to abnormal wearing of the knee joint.
Knee Decompression Therapy - Knee decompression is a treatment used to help reduce pain, increase function, and promote healing. This treatment mechanically separates the thigh bone and the shinbone taking pressure off structures such as the meniscus.
PEMF Therapy - Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) therapy can help to reduce pain and inflammation, while also accelerate tissue healing and strengthen bone.
Other therapies included in treatment of knee pain include a stretching/strengthening exercise protocol, kinesiotaping to help stabilize the joint, cryotherapy to reduce inflammation, and electrical stimulation and a TENS unit to help reduce pain.
Let CORE Chiropractic help you get back on track with personalized chiropractic care, stretching & exercise recommendations, knee decompression, PEMF therapy and a custom treatment plan. Call today for your consultation, or schedule an appointment online.